Pipevine Species for Butterflies

Pipevine Plant Species for Gold Rim (Polydamas) Swallowtail and Pipevine Swallowtail Butterflies

pipevinegoldrimadults6

Pipevine species safe for Pipevine or Gold Rim (Polydamas) Swallowtail caterpillars. Those with an * are species we have used to feed that particular species of butterfly. Those without an * are those recommended by other farmers and enthusiasts.

Pipevine Swallowtail and Polydamas (Gold Rim) Swallowtail Host Plants
*Most if not all of these plants go by the common name Dutchman’s Pipe which is why the scientific name is so important.

Pipevine ST
Birthwort – Aristolochia clematitis
*Dutchman’s Pipe – Aristolochia macrophylla
*Dutchman’s Pipe – Aristolochia trilobata
Fragrant Dutchman’s Pipe – Aristolochia pandurata (was Aristolochia odoratissima)
*Virginia Snakeroot – Aristolochia serpentaria
*White-veined Pipevine – Aristolochia fimbriata
*Woolly Pipevine – Aristolochia tomentosa
California Pipevine – Aristolochia californica

Gold Rim
Brazilian Dutchman’s Pipe or Giant Pelican Flower – Aristolochia gigantea
*Calico Vine – Aristolochia littoralis (was elegans)
*Dutchman’s Pipe – Aristolochia trilobata
Fragrant Dutchman’s Pipe – Aristolochia pandurata (was Aristolochia odoratissima)
Indian Birthwort – Aristolochia tagala
*White-veined Pipevine – Aristolochia fimbriata

(Note: Some people have successfully raised Gold Rim on woolly pipevine.  We experimented by feeding it to Gold Rim and found the caterpillars to be smaller.  Those that lived pupated and emerged as smaller butterflies.)

Both
*Dutchman’s Pipe – Aristolochia trilobata
*White-veined Pipevine – Aristolochia fimbriata
Fragrant Dutchman’s Pipe – Aristolochia pandurata synonym of Aristolochia odoratissima

Neither
Aristolochia ringens (gaping Dutchman’s pipe)
Aristolochia brasiliensis (Dutchman’s pipe)

This information is to the best of our knowledge from either firsthand experience or from experience of others.